Hyperthyroidism is a common thyroid issue encountered by many people as a disease nowadays. Several medications are available for the treatment of hyperthyroidism, but for those who believe in the miracles of home remedies, here are some natural cures for hyperthyroidism that you can try at home. You can overcome the disease to a great extent by having a proper and nutritious diet.
Causes & Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism, also known as overactive thyroid, is the result of excess production of thyroid hormone by the thyroid gland that affects the metabolism of the body (1).
The symptoms of the disease vary from person to person; however, some common symptoms include Graves’ disease, irregular and rapid heartbeat, bulging and reddened eyes, weight loss, trouble sleeping, muscle weakness or fatigue, heat intolerance, hand tremors, mood swings, diarrhea or frequent bowel movements (2,3).
Natural Treatments for Hyperthyroidism
Raspberries, blueberries, strawberries, and blackberries are loaded with antioxidants, anthocyanins, and anti-inflammatory properties (4,5). The antioxidants in berries neutralize the unstable oxygen molecules or free radicals, thus providing various health benefits to the body (6).
Berries are one of the powerful foods for hyperthyroidism. Eat 1 or more servings every day for the best results.
2. Cruciferous Vegetables
Kale, radish, Brussels sprouts, arugula, mustard green, cabbage, cauliflower, and other cruciferous vegetables have several health-promoting effects. These vegetables contain goitrogens (7) that reduce the production of thyroid hormone, thereby curing hyperthyroidism naturally. Thus, include cruciferous vegetables in your daily diet.
3. Green Tea
Catechin (a flavonoid) in green tea acts as an anti-thyroid agent and reduces the activity of thyroid gland (10). Consumption of green tea reduces the T3 and T4 hormones and significantly raises TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone) levels in patients suffering from hyperthyroidism (11). Moreover, the polyphenols in green tea prevent several types of cancer, including thyroid cancer (12).
Drink 6-7 cups green tea every day.
4. Good Fatty Acids
The deficiency of fatty acids causes inflammation that affects the autoimmune system, resulting in the release of thyroid antibodies (13). Fatty-acids such as omega-3 fatty acids is essential for addressing autoimmune thyroid diseases after pregnancy (14). Omega-6 fatty acids are also found to have a significant effect on hyperthyroidism (15).
Seafood such as herring, mackerel, sardines, salmons, etc. are a good source of omega-3 fatty acids. You can also consume pumpkin seeds, flaxseeds, flaxseed oil, hempseeds, hempseed oil, etc. which are well-off in both omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids.
Eat nuts, seafood, eggs, dairy products, beans, and other protein-rich food to keep your thyroid system healthy.
Note: Soybeans are rich in protein, but hyperthyroidism patients must avoid eating them as soy proteins negatively affect the absorption of thyroid hormone (18).
6. Vitamin D Rich Foods
The deficiency of Vitamin D is one of the reasons for hyperthyroidism (19). With its anti-inflammatory, pro-apoptotic, and antiproliferative properties, vitamin D plays a vital role in alleviating thyroid disease (20).
Include vitamin D rich food such as egg, cheese, yogurt, salmon, orange juice, cod liver oil, sardines, etc. in your diet (21).
7. Calcium Enriched Foods
Hyperthyroidism results in proximal muscle weakness. Thyroid hormones cause calcium loss through kidneys and increase bone mineral resorption (22). Hyperthyroidism also increases the possibilities of bone fractures and osteoporosis (23). A calcium-rich diet can help get rid of these risks associated with hyperthyroidism.
Eat plenty of broccoli, kale, yogurt, and cheese to maintain excellent health of your bones.
Herbs for Hyperthyroidism
Wondering how to treat hyperthyroidism naturally? Below are some natural treatments for hyperthyroidism that will help you get relief from the ailment.
Note: The herbs may interact with medications, supplements, and other herbs, leading to side-effects. So, it is recommended to take these herbs after consulting with a health care provider specialized in herbal medicine.
Bugleweed is used in the treatment of mild hyperthyroidism (24). Organic acids such as lithospermic acid in this herb decrease the level of thyroxine hormone. This herb also prevents the binding of hyperthyroidism-causing antibodies to the thyroid gland (25).
Have 1-2 grams Bugleweed each day. You can also have 1-2 ml tincture thrice a day. For better results, you can also combine Bugleweed with other herbs such as gromwell and lemon balm (26).
Motherwort has analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antibacterial properties. This herb also affects the functioning of the circulatory system and the heart (27). Motherwort helps regulate the rapid heartbeat, which is one of the symptoms of hyperthyroidism (28).
Note: Avoid consuming this herb if you are taking antihistamines, sedating, and cardiac medications. Motherwort may also increase uterine bleeding and cause miscarriage. Therefore, do consult your physician before taking it (29).
10. Lemon Balm
Lemon balm possesses antioxidant, antiviral, anti-histaminic, antispasmodic, and antidepressant properties. This herb is one of the best natural cures for hyperthyroidism (30,31). It reduces the production of thyroid hormone, thus curing hyperthyroidism symptoms.
Lemon balm is available in many forms like dried leaves, tincture, oil, extracts, capsules, and tea (32). You can consult your herb specialist for dosage.
Note: Breastfeeding and pregnant women should avoid this herb.
11. Sandalwood Essential Oil
Sandalwood essential oil is known for its anti-depressant properties and for reducing negative emotional stress (33). This oil is one of the effective essential oils for hyperthyroidism as it decreases the anxiety and stress caused due to an overactive thyroid.
You just need to apply a few drops of sandalwood essential oil on your pressure points or diffuse it with the help of an aromatherapy diffuser.
Foods for Hyperthyroidism
A hyperthyroidism diet must comprise of:
- kale, broccoli, cabbage, and other cruciferous vegetables
- foods rich in calcium such as fresh turnip, parsley, almonds, etc.
- omega-3 fatty acids such as flaxseeds, flaxseeds oil, etc.
- protein-rich foods like beans, cold water fish, and lean meat
- foods high in iron and B-vitamins such as whole grains
- anti-oxidant rich foods such as tomatoes and berries
- use coconut or olive oil for cooking
Foods to Avoid with Hyperthyroidism
- Alcohol and tobacco
- Soft drinks, tea, and other caffeine-containing products
- Processed foods and commercially baked foods (cookies, cakes, French Fries, etc.) containing hydrogenated vegetable oil or trans fatty acids
- Red meat and processed meat
- Refined foods such as sugar, pasta, and white bread
- Gluten, milk, soy products, and other food allergens
- Excessive iodine-containing foods such as seaweeds